Do you have any doubts about artificial insemination? This is one of the most popular assisted reproduction treatments and it has improved a lot thanks to current medical advances. However, we know that you need to process a lot of information before choosing this treatment.
We also understand that transparency and information are essential to start a treatment with complete peace of mind and confidence. For this reason, we have compiled 8 interesting facts and frequently asked questions about artificial insemination (AI) that are sure to help you in your decision.
The acronym IUI stands for intrauterine insemination, one of the most common fertility treatments, which consists of depositing the sperm (previously prepared and selected in the laboratory) inside the uterus to increase the probability of pregnancy.
There are two types of artificial insemination and both procedures are very similar:
AI is a simple, relatively fast and low-complexity assisted reproduction technique. During the process, we pass a catheter through the cervix, where the previously trained spermatozoa are found, which we introduce into the fundus of the uterus, on a specific day recommended by the medical specialist.
Although it may cause some discomfort, mainly when the catheter is passed through the cervix, insemination is a relatively painless procedure. Some women have compared it to a Pap test in terms of discomfort.
The semen sample can be collected at home, although it is usually collected at the fertility clinic. In both cases, the man will be given a small sterile container in which to deposit the semen sample. When done at home, the sample must be given to the laboratory within 1 hour after ejaculation.
In the clinic we perform a sperm training before the treatment. This process consists of “selecting” the most suitable spermatozoa, eliminating bacteria, dead or slow spermatozoa, white blood cells and other elements of the semen during the sperm selection process with the aim of increasing the chances of pregnancy.
Like IVF, the success rate in artificial insemination depends on several factors. In some cases – after a medical and physical evaluation – the fertility specialist may recommend using 2-4 attempts to increase the chances of pregnancy.
If the expected result is not obtained after performing the AI’s recommended by the specialist doctor, In Vitro Fertilization should be considered.
With a very mild ovarian stimulation we boost the success of the treatment. In addition, we carry out a spermogram prior to the treatment, analyzing the quality of the couple’s semen to determine if the insemination is the most correct among the other existing In Vitro fertilization techniques.
We recommend that you take a pregnancy test 14 days after the procedure. The implantation of the conceived embryo in your uterus can take between six and 12 days after ovulation, therefore it is best to wait two weeks after the procedure and take a blood pregnancy test.
Feel free to get up and move around after the insemination. In fact, you can resume your regular activities immediately, as long as they do not involve excessive physical exertion.
Find out more interesting facts and other FAQs by clicking here. We also invite you to learn the most common myths and facts about infertility below.