First of all, what is stress?
For some, taking a professional exam can be a stressful situation. For others, perhaps, being alone with your in-laws for the first time without having a shred of something to talk about; or seeing the girl or boy you like walking towards you.
Generally speaking, we all attribute the word “stress” to an unpleasant situation that causes us some kind of discomfort. In reality, however, what we feel as stress is a natural response by our bodies to some external stimulus that can range from an overwhelming emotional situation to a cut in the skin or an illness. It is because of it that we can respond to these stimuli, run away when something threatens us, or fight for our life if necessary.
In our daily lives, stressors can be generated by the physical environment, work, relationships, love life and those situations, challenges and expectations we face, but there are also internal factors such as nutrition, our health and physical condition that determine how well our body can respond to these situations.
On top of this, what interests us is whether this condition has an impact on fertility.
It is important to know that stress alters the psychological or physical balance of our body, by stimulating the nervous, endocrine, and immune systems in the short and even long term. There is concrete evidence that in women stress is closely related to the production of hormones that are crucial in ovulation, fertilization, and the rate of embryo implantation. In addition, in both the general population and infertile women, stress has been associated with low conception rates, long menstrual cycles and low success in reproductive medicine techniques.