Abdominal pain, heavy menstrual periods, menstrual cramps – these ailments can be common at some point in a woman’s life. However, they can also be symptoms of a silent disease – endometriosis.
Endometriosis occurs when endometrial tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus grows elsewhere in the body, such as on the ovaries or in the fallopian tubes. This abnormal growth can cause inflammation, and the growth of the tissue is considered mild, moderate, or severe.
Endometriosis affects women during their childbearing years, and unfortunately, many are never diagnosed. Besides causing pain, it is one of the main causes of infertility, so it is important to know about it in order to take control of your reproductive health.
Here are 10 symptoms of endometriosis that, if you notice them, we recommend you consult your doctor:
One of the most common symptoms of endometriosis is painful menstruation. This pain may begin a week before ovulation and continue up to a week after the end of the period. The discomfort may be constant or cause cramps.
A warning sign of endometriosis is excessive bleeding during menstruation, as well as having a period that lasts more than 7 days. Excessive bleeding can lower your iron levels, leading to fatigue, hair loss and anemia.
To address this condition, doctors must analyze each patient’s situation and sometimes recommend taking iron supplements or contraceptives.
Before, during and after menstruation, back pain can be a symptom of endometriosis. It can be caused by:
Pain during sex is another indicator of the disease. Pain can occur during sex, right after it, or even continue the next day. This is caused by inflammation of the tissue on the cervix.
However, there are other causes of painful sex, such as lack of lubrication or vaginal infections. Your gynecologist can help answer your questions.
A terrible symptom of endometriosis is female infertility, caused by endometrial tissue affecting the ovaries and the walls of the womb. Eventually, this makes it difficult to achieve pregnancy.
Some studies have also shown that women with endometriosis are at greater risk of miscarriage, which is caused by hormonal imbalances and endometrial tissue formations.
Problems affecting the gastrointestinal tract are common and may be confused with diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome or spastic colon. Commonly, it is because endometrial tissue rubs against the intestines at the back of the uterus.
Related to the previous point, if there is discomfort from constipation or diarrhea, it is important to analyze your food intake to rule out irritable bowel syndrome, because the symptoms are similar. Since endometrial tissue causes inflammation, it directly affects the large intestine.
They are not as common, but some women may have symptoms such as pain when urinating, going to the bathroom more often, or having bloody urine.
Your body reacts to the disease and fatigue can become a symptom. Tissue growth and scarring can affect your body as it makes an extra effort to perform its regular functions. Some women experience this fatigue near their menstrual period.
Fatigue is one of the most underestimated symptoms of endometriosis and can become a chronic condition. If you have chronic fatigue, talk to your doctor about possible causes and treatment options.
The tissue and scarring cause some organs to stick together, causing tears during exercise. Pelvic pain is a common symptom and may be related to exercises involving the abdominal muscles.
Remember that it is important to detect and prevent these symptoms early, which can be controlled with the help of your doctor.
As an assisted reproduction clinic, at Citmer we detect endometriosis as well as other causes of infertility thanks to transvaginal ultrasound, which allows us to evaluate the condition of the reproductive organs and the pelvic cavity. With medical evaluation, we can help you plan a fertility treatment.