Before In Vitro Fertilization (IVF), there were no assisted reproductive options for women with certain conditions, such as premature ovarian failure or low ovarian reserve. Fortunately, medical, and technological advances have allowed couples with infertility to achieve a pregnancy.
Today, on the Citmer blog, we tell you more details about IVF and everything you need to know about oocyte donation.
Reproductive medicine centers use this procedure for women with low ovarian reserve. With age, it is normal for fertility and the number of oocyte present in the ovaries to decrease, however, it is possible to achieve a pregnancy by undergoing In Vitro Fertilization.
This treatment also helps:
If you are considering using oocyte donation, you should undergo a medical evaluation that includes a complete review of your medical history and a physical exam. This ensures that your health will not be at risk for pregnancy.
Any abnormality that compromises the success of IVF with oocyte donation is also sought and corrected.
Cervical cultures, hysterosalpingography and saline infusion ultrasound, among others, are included in the medical evaluation to evaluate the normality of the uterine cavity. Also, a semen analysis is performed to rule out male infertility.
In counseling, it is important for a specialist to explain to you in detail what the procedure is like, what its risks are and what the expected probability of success is, as well as receiving support in the psychological and social implications of assisted reproduction.
Thorough evaluation of each oocyte donor is vital, no matter if the donor is your relative or anonymous. This evaluation serves to protect all parties involved: the donor, the recipient, and the future baby.
Donors are generally under 35 years of age, their clinical history is good, and they do not have infections or pathologies. The tests detect sexually transmitted or genetic diseases – through a detailed family history and blood tests – in addition to conducting a formal psychological evaluation.
In Vitro Fertilization, the timing and conditions of the ovary are vital to the success of the pregnancy.
Recipients with ovarian failure (also known as premature menopause) usually require uterine preparation with estrogen and progesterone. Whereas women with intact ovarian function require estrogen and progesterone treatment to align their cycle with that of the donor.
After the transfer of one or more embryos, drug treatment is continued until the pregnancy test is performed. This type of pregnancy requires estrogen and progesterone until the blood test shows that the placenta is self-sufficient (usually in the tenth week of pregnancy).
Since the treatment does not subject ovarian stimulation or oocyte retrieval, there are no potential risks such as ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome.
Perhaps the biggest concern is having a multiple pregnancy, but the number of embryos transferred is fully controllable with the technology of a fertility clinic.
These are the basic points of IVF with oocyte donation. Do you want to know more about this procedure or what are the requirements to be a donor? We invite you to discover Citmer’s Donating Dreams program.