Where do you start, with all the information and options available in fertility treatments? If you are considering one, you should know that, among the different alternatives, there is no one-size-fits-all solution.
The first step is to visit a fertility specialist. In fertility treatments, some procedures are simpler and others more complex, so your specialist should make a medical evaluation and identify your needs.
He or she will most likely start by asking about your medical history and performing a physical exam, followed by some routine tests to check the condition of your uterus and ovaries, as well as your semen in the case of men.
These tests often include a blood test (to evaluate ovarian health and the number of oocytes), a carefully performed transvaginal ultrasound, and hysterosalpingography (HSG) to evaluate the condition of the uterus and fallopian tubes. A spermogram is also included to check the volume of the semen, as well as its concentration, movement, and shape.
After the tests, the specialist will talk to you and discuss the treatment that may work best for you.
In the Citmer blog, we present the basics of three fertility treatments:
When a woman ovulates each month, she usually releases an oocyte of her own choosing from a pool of available oocytes. However, there are conditions that can decrease natural ovulation, including irregular menstrual cycles and age.
In this case, your doctor may prescribe hormonal medications that induce follicular growth and help cause ovulation or release more than one oocyte at a time, increasing the chances of pregnancy in each cycle.
Ovarian stimulation has 3 basic points:
It can be performed by daily administration of oral or subcutaneous medication for an average of 10 days.
Vaginal ultrasounds and blood tests are performed regularly to monitor and control the growth of the follicles.
The doctor will indicate the most favorable days for intercourse.
In Vitro Fertilization is a process in which the oocytes are extracted from the ovary, then the union of an oocyte and sperm is performed in the laboratory and incubated over a period of 3 to 6 days. Usually, one or two embryos are chosen to be transferred to the uterus during IVF.
In Vitro Fertilization supports patients with conditions such as endometriosis, blocked fallopian tubes, ovulatory disorders, and low ovarian reserve (when not many oocytes are available in the ovaries).
It may also be an option when there is a moderate or severe male factor, which may be a low sperm count, poor sperm quality, low motility sperm, or abnormally shaped sperm.
In Vitro Fertilization consists of 6 steps:
Obtaining mature oocytes.
Insemination and fertilization.
Freezing of good quality embryos that were not transferred and that can be used in a next attempt.
Learn about each step of IVF in this video:
Artificial insemination is a low-complexity treatment that consists of selecting sperm from a sample and depositing them at the bottom of the uterus.
On the one hand, the patient is prepared with ovulation induction and, on the other, the sperm is prepared in the laboratory to increase the chances of pregnancy.
The steps of Artificial Insemination are:
Evaluation by the medical specialist to determine that you are a candidate.
Schedule the day of ovulation.
Semen sample collection for sperm training.
Insemination of the capacitated sperm in the fundus of the uterus.
Pregnancy test (14 days after insemination)
Now that you know a little more about fertility treatments, do not hesitate to consult an assisted reproduction doctor or go to a fertility clinic to determine the best option for you. At Citmer, we want to help you fulfill your dream of having a baby. Get to know us!