The main sign of male infertility is the inability to cause a pregnancy, either because there is a problem in producing enough sperm, because the sperm is not mature and healthy, or perhaps due to some hormonal imbalance, among other causes.
If you and your partner have had problems achieving a pregnancy, a specialist can advise them on this matter, as well as carrying out a fertility test in a fertility clinic to investigate the causes that could be affecting fertilization.
When a man is sterile, the problems are usually related to factors such as sperm count or sperm quality. However, there are many conditions related to infertility.
Among the main causes of male infertility are:
Low sperm count is a common cause of male infertility. Men generally have 20 million sperm per milliliter of semen, while a count of 10 million sperm per milliliter – or less – is considered too low.
Sometimes men suffer from azoospermia, a condition where ejaculation does not contain sperm.
In other cases, they have a high sperm count, but lack the ability to release sperm, and their sperm are unable to fertilize an oocyte.
Another condition related to infertility is the retrograde flow of semen: when the sperm are ejaculated, they return to the bladder and therefore cannot enter the woman’s body. This condition can be caused by medications or after surgery.
Weight is also linked to some male fertility problems. Having excess abdominal fat can increase scrotal temperature, hindering a man’s fertility.
The test in a fertility clinic also considers aspects such as:
Often times, there are no external signs of male infertility. However, a simple semen analysis can quickly identify if the difficulty in achieving a pregnancy is the male factor.
If you want to know more about the main causes of male infertility, you can go to specialized doctors to advise you in the process. If you have more doubts or questions, do not hesitate to go to Citmer and get the care you need at our fertility clinic.