Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are not only a serious problem that compromises an individual’s health and emotional well-being, but they are also a key vector that can lead to infertility.
It is known, for example, that gram-negative bacteria, those with a thin layer of murein on their membrane, such as Neisseria gonorrhoeae and Chlamydia trachomatis, can trigger infections that, if not properly treated, are capable of causing inflammation, damage, and scarring throughout the female reproductive tract.
these inflammations block the Fallopian traps, preventing sperm from reaching the egg and fertilizing it.
Interestingly, the main focus of research in this area is on the effect of STDs on the female partner, however, male fertility can also be affected.
Severe genital infections are responsible for causing blockage in the seminiferous tubules and/or causing testicular damage, as well as influencing low sperm volume and sperm motility that make fertilization difficult.
This makes STDs a cause of preventable infertility. It is always important to be careful and act responsibly, as not only our health, but also our ability to conceive a family in the future, is at stake.
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Tsevat, D.G., Wiesenfeld, H.C., Parks, C., & Peipert, J. F. (2018). Sexually Transmitted Diseases and Infertility. Am J Obstet Gynecol, 216 (2), 1 – 9. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2016.08.008.
Fode, M., Fusco, F., Lipshutlz, L., & Weidner, W. (2016). European Urology Focus. 2, 383 – 392. doi: 10.1016/j.euf.2016.08.002.