The concept of reproductive health has evolved in recent years and not only refers to family planning but has a much broader scope that goes beyond the biological part of reproduction and embarks on values, culture and the personal fulfillment of the human being.
This is where it is strongly intertwined with sexual health, which refers to a state of physical, mental, and social well-being in relation to sexuality. It requires a positive and respectful approach towards the sexuality of each one. As well as the possibility of having safe sexual relations, free from coercion, discrimination, and violence.
Together they seek the well-being of freely enjoying a satisfying sex life as an end in itself, and not necessarily linked to procreation. To achieve this, both men and women should have the same right to be informed about and access to various family planning methods. Also, the right to receive adequate health care services that guarantee safe pregnancies and deliveries and healthy children.
For this, it is of utmost importance that the health services go beyond the provision and advice of family planning to address other topics such as: prenatal care, delivery and postpartum care, the termination of pregnancy when the woman so decides or before a medical risk, and the treatment of its consequences. Not forgetting either the impact of infections, infertility, sexually transmitted diseases, cancer, and advice on responsible parenthood. This breaks the concern focused on family planning and assumes the health needs of people in a comprehensive way.
However, despite the global consensus and the commitment of governments to develop actions aimed at complying with this, both the implementation of reproductive and sexual health policies and programs at the national level, encounter political and economic barriers subject to constraints. social that slow down the advancement and sexual and reproductive rights of each person.
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Ramos Padilla, Miguel. (2006). Sexual health and reproductive health from a gender perspective. Peruvian Journal of Experimental Medicine and Public Health, 23 (3), 201-220.
National Program of Sexual Health and Responsible Procreation.