Infertility is sometimes attributed to congenital abnormalities (birth defects) of the uterus. In addition to affecting fertility, uterine malformations can cause miscarriages or make it difficult to carry a pregnancy to term. To detect them, we use the fertility test.
Like other organs in the body, a woman’s reproductive system forms while she is in her mother’s womb. Defects in the uterus and fallopian tubes are called mullerian or uterine malformations. These range from the absence of the uterus to complete duplication of internal organs.
Uterine malformations do not necessarily affect a woman’s ability to become pregnant. Many times, women do not know they have this condition until, for example, they suffer miscarriages or premature births. In these cases, we suspect a mullerian anomaly.
Fortunately, with the fertility test we can diagnose any problem, as well as define whether the patient needs assisted reproduction treatment or not.
Agenesis is a very rare condition where there is an absence of a vagina, uterus, or both. It is usually diagnosed before age 20 if a woman has not had a period or if sexual intercourse is painful.
It can be treated with surgery, but women with this condition need professional counseling because they cannot get pregnant naturally. Your specialist will determine, through the fertility test, if they can resort to treatments such as In Vitro Fertilization.
It is a malformation where the uterus has two internal cavities, it can exist with two cervixes and two vaginas. It is possible to conceive, but it increases the chances of miscarriage and premature birth.
In this malformation, the size of the uterus is reduced by half and there is only one fallopian tube. As long as there is a healthy and developed Müller’s duct, it is possible to achieve pregnancy.
They call it a heart-shaped or two-horned uterus because of its shape. In this case, the shape of the womb can limit the space where the fetus develops.
The septate uterus has a septum within the womb, which can form two uterine cavities. In this case, the cavities may be limited in space for a pregnancy.
As we mentioned, having a uterine malformation does not mean that you are infertile, but you should go to a specialist to find out if you need any surgical intervention or special care during your pregnancy.
To diagnose uterine malformations, in a fertility test we can use
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