The spermogram is a semen analysis that evaluates the sperm quality in terms of concentration, morphology, and mobility. Currently, it is the most important laboratory test to determine male fertility.
Semen is a viscous, whitish-looking liquid that contains sperm and seminal fluid secreted by various glands. The sperm contained in the semen travel to the uterine cavity, and usually only one of them breaks the lining of the egg to achieve fertilization.
The semen sample contains millions of sperm and is analyzed in less than an hour from the time of collection. In a fertility clinic, semen can be “washed” to obtain information and to plan an assisted reproduction treatment.
The spermogram determines the fertility of a man through parameters such as:
Usually, it is analyzed with at least two samples taken two to three weeks apart, because the number of sperm and the density of the sperm varies daily and certain conditions can affect it.
In this video, biologist Israel Maldonado explains in detail what a spermogram is and how it is made:
The assisted reproduction clinic has private rooms called Masturbation Rooms where the person – through masturbation – collects the semen sample in a small sterile container to analyze it. In the consultation room, the instructions are established to obtain a correct semen sample.
In addition, this test is performed after sexual abstinence for 3 to 5 days to obtain important information about which method of assisted reproduction will have better results for the couple.
Semen analysis is required when the specialist considers that a couple or individual has a fertility problem.
if it comes from men, he will need to undergo a study to determine what inhibits fertility and what assisted reproduction techniques are applied to achieve pregnancy. In case of abnormal results, the test will be repeated in a time determined by the specialist.
Have you thought about the semen donation process? Learn more about Citmer’s Donating Dreams Program below.